Source code for kornia.contrib.connected_components

import torch
import torch.nn.functional as F


[docs]def connected_components(image: torch.Tensor, num_iterations: int = 100) -> torch.Tensor: r"""Computes the Connected-component labelling (CCL) algorithm. .. image:: https://github.com/kornia/data/raw/main/cells_segmented.png The implementation is an adaptation of the following repository: https://gist.github.com/efirdc/5d8bd66859e574c683a504a4690ae8bc .. warning:: This is an experimental API subject to changes and optimization improvements. .. note:: See a working example `here <https://kornia-tutorials.readthedocs.io/en/latest/ connected_components.html>`__. Args: image: the binarized input image with shape :math:`(*, 1, H, W)`. The image must be in floating point with range [0, 1]. num_iterations: the number of iterations to make the algorithm to converge. Return: The labels image with the same shape of the input image. Example: >>> img = torch.rand(2, 1, 4, 5) >>> img_labels = connected_components(img, num_iterations=100) """ if not isinstance(image, torch.Tensor): raise TypeError(f"Input imagetype is not a torch.Tensor. Got: {type(image)}") if not isinstance(num_iterations, int) or num_iterations < 1: raise TypeError("Input num_iterations must be a positive integer.") if len(image.shape) < 3 or image.shape[-3] != 1: raise ValueError(f"Input image shape must be (*,1,H,W). Got: {image.shape}") H, W = image.shape[-2:] image_view = image.view(-1, 1, H, W) # precompute a mask with the valid values mask = image_view == 1 # allocate the output tensors for labels B, _, _, _ = image_view.shape out = torch.arange(B * H * W, device=image.device, dtype=image.dtype).view((-1, 1, H, W)) out[~mask] = 0 for _ in range(num_iterations): out[mask] = F.max_pool2d(out, kernel_size=3, stride=1, padding=1)[mask] return out.view_as(image)